Preprint / Version 1

An Overview of Prophylacticand Curative Approach for COVID-19 in Unani System of Medicine and Need of Development of the SOPs


  • Afshan Qaiser Clinical Research Unit Bhopal, MP India, CCRUM Ministry of AYUSH New Delhi
  • M Abdullha Department of Medical Education, State Govt UP, India
  • Abrar Mohd Khan Clinical Research Unit Bhopal, MP India, CCRUM Ministry of AYUSH New Delhi



COVID-19 also known as Novel Corona Virus Pneumonia, is a viral disease caused by novel corona virus. The infection is highly contagious in nature and spread from person to person through respiratory droplets. According to Unani System of Medicine, epidemiology and clinical features of COVID-19 like fever, cough, tiredness, sore throat, running nose, nasal congestion, difficulty in breathing, etc. are similar to Nazla-e-wabai (Epidemic Influenza) up to a great extent.On the basis of fundamental approach for living a healthy lifestyle and preventive measures during epidemic spread mentioned in classical  Unani texts, some standard operating procedures (SOPs)  are suggested for prophylactic and curative purpose in the management of COVID-19 pandemic.


COVID-19, Unani System of Medicine, SOPs, Nazla-e-waba


Download data is not yet available.


Anonymous. Mayo clinic. [Online].; 2020 [cited 2020 April 14. Available from:

Hui DS, et al. The Containing 2019 -n CoV epidemic threat of novel corona virus to global health-The latest 2019 novel corona virus outbreak in Wuhan, China. Int. J. Infect. Disease, 91:264-66.

WHO-Director General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19. WHO press release 11th March, 2020.

Hussain A R, et al. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. J Autoimmun. 2020 May; 109.

Qian Z, et al. Innate immune response of human alveolar type II cells infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2013 June; 48(6): 742-748.

Weinheimer V K, et al. Influenza A viruses target type II pneumocytes in the human lung. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2012 24 July; 206(11): 1685-1694

Sufang Tian, et al. Pathological study of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) through post-mortem core biopsies. J Modern Pathology. 2020 Preprint version: 1.

Lisa M B, et al. COVID-19 Autopsies, Oklahoma, USA. American Journal of Clinical Pathology. 2020 June; 153(6): 725-733.

Huang C, et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan China. Lancet. 2020; 395(10223): 497-506.

World Health Organization. [Online].; 2020 [cited 2020 March 24. Available from:

Pauline Vetterr M D, et al. Clinical features of covid-19. The wide array of symptoms has implications for the testing strategy. BMJ. 2020 April; 1470(369).

Hassan S A, et al. Coronavirus (COVID-19): A Review of Clinical Features, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Cureus. 2020; 12(3).

WHO. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 73. , national authorities ; April 2020. Report No: 10:00CET2

Khan HA. Al-Haziq New Delhi: Idara Kitab-al-Shifa; YNM; 52

Masroor, et al. CORONA Virus (COVID-19) And Unani Medicine; A Review. World Journal of Pharmacitical Research. 2020; 9(5).

Guidelines for Unani Practitioners in the wake of COVID-19 Pandemic, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, Ministry of AYUSH, New Delhi.

Baghdadi IH. Kitab-al-Mukhtarat Fi-al-tibb, Vol-2 New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine; 2005;

Qadeer HA. History of Medicine and Medical Ethics. 3rd ed. New Delhi: Qaumi Council Barai Farogh Urdu zaban; 2005;72.

Munshi GN. Makhzan al Mufradat wa Murakbat,Khwas al Adwia, New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine;2007;8,19, 32,131,135, 175, 203, 223.

Razi AMBZ. Kitab-al-Mansoori New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine;1991;94,98, 132, 423, 344.

Baytar I. Kitab-ul-Jame-ul-Mufradat-al-advia wal Aghzia volume 2 New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine; YNM;336.

Zillur Rehman HS. KItab-al-Murakbat.2nd ed.Aligarh: Muslim University, Aligarh; 1991;59, 67, 68, 105-147.

Razi AMBZ. Al-Hawi Volume-4 4,p-128, 132 New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine; 1998;128,132.

Anonymous, 2013, Essential drugs List- Unani Medicine, Ministry of AYUSH, New Delhi; 2-4.

Baghdadi IH. Kitab-al-Mukhtarat Fi-al-tibb, Vol-3, New Delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine; 2005; 178.

Raeessi M A, et al. Honey with Coffee: A new finding in the treatment of Persistent Post infectious Cough; Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology No.2, Vol. 23, Serial No.63, Spring-2011.

Mao X, et al. Antiproliferative and antitumour effect of active components in donkey milk on A549 human lung cancer cells.Int Dairy J. 2009;19:703-708.

Tabri AB. Moalejat-e-Buqratiya Volume-1 New delhi: Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine; 1995;450-51.

Sumra N, et al. The phytochemistry and medicinal value of Psidium guajava (guava). Clinical Phytoscience. 2018; 4(32).