Preprint / Version 1

COVID-19 Knowledge, attitude and prevention practice in southwest Nigeria


  • Olanrewaju Davies Eniade Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Dolapo E. Agbana Department of Health promotion and Education, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan
  • Bridget O Afam Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria



To assess COVID-19 knowledge, attitude and prevention practice as well as the associated factors among people living in Southwest, Nigeria. This was an online cross-sectional study among dwellers of southwest Nigeria. Data were collected online with kobo toolbox and analyzed using descriptive statistics, test of independence and binary logistic regression. Of the 286 study participants, 96.1% had good knowledge, 99.3% had positive attitude towards control of COVID-19, while 77.3% had good practices for prevention of the virus. Majority of the participants (86.9%) had tertiary education, 11.3% were 40years or older. Age and education were independently associated with COVID-19 prevention practice. After adjustment for some selected socio-demographic factors, only age of 10 – 19 years (OR: 3.83, CI: 1.05, 14), age 20-29 years (OR: 2.99, CI: 1.18 -7.55), and 30 -39 years (OR: 4.35, CI: 1.49-12.67) were more likely to have good practice of COVID-19 prevention compared to age >=40 years. The result revealed a high prevalence of good practices, and majority had good knowledge of COVID-19 and positive attitude towards control of COVID-19. Age and education were identified to be associated with practice of COVID-19 prevention. While further exploration revealed that elders (>=40years) were not likely to have good practice of COVID-19 prevention. We deduced that good practice of COVID-19 prevention was high in southwest Nigeria but notably low among elders and those who attained below tertiary education in southwest Nigeria. However, people of older age and poor education should be given much attention for proper enlightening and prevention strategies in this pandemic.


COVID-19, Lockdown, Southwest Nigeria


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Author Biography

Olanrewaju Davies Eniade, Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria




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