Intelligence Differences Between Genders based on Multiple Intelligence (MI) Theory
Human intelligence differs from person to person. Factors that are associated with intelligence were always an essential theme to discuss and so do the intelligence difference based on gender discrimination. Studying and discussion of the topic were important as it can show a clear view of which gender is worthy for which type of work. So that males and females do not face any physical or mental trouble while finishing their random or given tasks, either at the workplace or at home. In 1983, American psychologist Howard Gardner wrote a treatise titled "Frames of mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence" and there he proposed the core eight abilities of an individual from where the term multiple intelligence was born. The eight core abilities are divided into subcategories based on task differences including visual efficiency, organ coordinations, analytical thinking etc. Since then, researchers began to study depending on the theory to find out the intelligence supremacy between male and female. In this study some recent research on multiple intelligence and their results are analyzed briefly to determine whether males or females have better intelligence than the opposite gender. Methodology of the study is divided into two steps. Each step gives an overview of an already done research on multiple intelligence theory where a number of individuals were participated upon whom several tests were given and finally both step research results are merged to reach the study conclusion.
Keywords:Human intelligence, Gender differences
Tirri, Nokelainen (2011). Measuring Multiple Intelligences and Moral Sensitivities in Education. Moral Development and Citizenship Education. Springer. ISBN 978-94-6091-758-5.
Brown, M.I.; Wai, J. (2021). "Can You Ever Be Too Smart for Your Own Good? Comparing Linear and Nonlinear Effects of Cognitive Ability on Life Outcomes". Perspectives on Psychological Science. 16 (6): 1337–1359. doi:10.1177/1745691620964122
Christopher Epigg, "Why is average IQ higher in some places", (2011). Source: www.scientificamerican.com
Howard Gardner, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (New edition, 2011).
Gender Differences in Large-Scale and Small-Scale Spatial Ability: A Systematic Review Based on Behavioral and Neuroimaging Research (2019).
Bennett, M.,Men's and women's self-estimate of intelligence. Journal of Social Psychology, 136, 1996, 411-412
Mnastersky, R., Studies show biological differences in how boys and girls learn about math, but social factors play a big role too. Chronicle of higher education, 51(26), 2005.
Marcus,Scot,A Comparative Study of Male and Female Online Learner Performance in Secondary Education, doctoral diss, North Central University, 2015.
Dr. Mrs. Vandana Punia, Dr. Jiwan Jyoti, Effect of Gender on Underlying Factors of Multiple Intelligence among School Going Children (2016), ISBN: 978-93-86171-04-7
Natalia A. Goriounova, Huibert D. Mansvelder, "Genes, Cells, Brain Areas of intelligence (2019).
Cosgrove, Kelly P.; Mazure, Carolyn M.; Staley, Julie K. (October 2007). "Evolving Knowledge of Sex Differences in Brain Structure, Function, and Chemistry". Biological Psychiatry. 62 (8): 847–855. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2007.03.001.
Medically reviewed by Nancy Hammond, M.D. — Written by Ann Pietrangelo, "Left Brain Vs. Right Brain: What does this mean for me?" (2022)
Samantha Hissong, "Finally, Research Suggests Female Artists Are More Creative Than Men" (2020).
Copyright (c) 2023 Kazi Sakib Hasan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Any non-commercial use, distribution, adaptation, and reproduction in any medium is permitted as long as the original work is properly cited. However, caution and responsibility are required when reusing as the articles on the preprint server are not peer-reviewed. Readers are advised to check for the availability of any updated or peer-reviewed version.