Bird’s Eye View on the Diagnosis, Treatment, & Prevention of the COVID-19 Outbreak
In December 2019, an outbreak of a new infectious disease occurred in Wuhan in the Hubei Province, China and spread across other Asian and non-Asian countries. The COVID-19 virus was known earlier as 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) or the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). On February 12, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) officially named the disease caused by the novel coronavirus as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Meanwhile, several independent research groups have identified that COVID-19 has a 79% genome sequence identity with SARS-CoV, the virus which caused a major outbreak in 2002–2003 when compared to MERS CoV. Even though some promising results have been achieved but Clinical studies of these candidate drugs need to be confirmed their safety and efficacy in the treatment of COVID-19. Till then the spread may be controlled only by following the strict quarantine protocols and preventive measures as there is no effective drug available for the treatment at this moment. This article gives a bird’s eye view about the current knowledge on the diagnosis, treatment, & prevention of the COVID-19 outbreak. Readers should renovate themselves regularly as the information about the virus is developing gradually at a greater rate.
Keywords:COVID-19, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention
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