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How did COVID-19 Influence Anatomy Education Around the World?


  • Sneh Patel Department of Biological Sciences, Halmos College of Arts and Sciences, Nova Southeastern University
  • Santanu De Department of Biological Sciences, Halmos College of Arts and Sciences, Nova Southeastern University



The Coronavirus Infectious Disease 2019 (COVID-19) disrupted the higher education sector worldwide in several disciplines, especially those in healthcare as well as science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) that require active, experiential learning via practical application of concepts centering around Anatomy. Dynamic instructional and technological interventions took place rapidly in an effort to minimize the adverse repercussions of moving away from traditional means of education in these critical scientific fields. COVID-19 necessitated administrators, faculty, students, and interns at colleges, universities, medical/healthcare science programs and residencies to pursue teaching, learning, and assessment of Anatomy courses/curricula through innovative strategies without compromising the quality or rigor of education. Adaptation and integration of remote/hybrid learning and teaching methodologies were essential, along with governmental as well as organizational interventions. Alternative synchronous and asynchronous approaches of e-pedagogy were implemented through simulation labs, virtual cadaver dissections and histological examinations, recorded video-lectures, online meeting platforms, and cutting-edge technological software and tools to maintain the quality of education while prioritizing everyone’s health and safety. Based on varying economic stability, different countries and regions dealt with the ramifications of COVID-19 on Anatomy and Physiology education differently. This systematic review encapsulates, for the first time, original reports published around the globe from the past three years on such key implications of COVID-19 in Anatomy higher studies, combined with relevant recommendations. This comprehensive analysis would help improve the content, delivery, and efficacy of education in these clinically important subjects to facilitate better preparation for future pandemics.


COVID-19, anatomy education, global influences


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